Analysis of Response Elements Involved in the Regulation of the Human Neonatal Fc Receptor Gene (FCGRT)

Journal Reference

PLoS One. 2015;10(8):e0135141.

Mikulska JE

Department of Immunochemistry, Ludwik Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences, Wroclaw, Poland.


Human epithelial, endothelial and PMA-differentiated THP-1 cell lines were used as model systems to study the transcriptional regulation of the human FCGRT gene encoding the alpha chain of hFcRn. The data obtained from site-directed mutagenesis in transient transfection experiments indicate that the Sp1 sites at positions -641, -635, and -313, CF1/YY1 elements at positions -586 and -357, and the AP-1 motif at -276 within the-660/-233 fragment of the human FCGRT promoter (hFCGRT) participate in the regulation of human FCGRT in all selected cell lines. However, their individual contribution to promoter activity is not equivalent. The Sp1 binding site at -313 and the AP-1 site at -276 are critical for the activity of the hFCGRT promoter in epithelial and endothelial cells. Moreover, the CF1/YY1 site at -586 in differentiated THP-1 cells, plays an essential role in the transcriptional activity of the promoter. In addition, the C/EBPbeta binding site at -497 of the hFCGRT promoter in epithelial and endothelial cells, and the C/EBPbeta motif located at -497 and -233 within the hFCGRT promoter in differentiated THP-1 cells may function as positive regulatory sequences in response to LPS or PMA stimulation. EMSA and supershift analyses showed that the functionally identified binding motifs in the hFCGRT promoter were able to specifically interact with their corresponding (Sp1, Sp2, Sp3, c-Fos, c-Jun, YY1, and C/EBPbeta or C/EBPdelta) transcription factors (TFs), suggesting their possible involvement in the regulation of the human FCGRT gene expression.

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